On 14-16 February, 2017, JSC NIUIF held an international conference “The Best Available Techniques in the Mineral Fertilizer Industry: Problems, Implementation and Prospects” at JSC PhosAgro-Cherepovets facility.
The forum was attended by enterprises’ technical engineers and ecologists, as well as specialists from institutes, public organizations, engineering firms, equipment manufacturer companies - overall about 150 participants from Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Germany. International conference was held with the support of the Department of Chemical-Technological and Forestry Complex of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia, the Regulation Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture (Fisheries) of the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia, the Russian Fertilizer Producers Association (RFPA) and the Best Available Techniques Bureau (BAT).
Forum goals included discussion of the following questions:
“This year has been declared the Ecology Year in Russia. Both PhosAgro and NIUIF are paying serious attention to this issue. And today, in addition to the new ammonia and urea production, effective wastewater treatment plants are also being built. This shows that we care not only about profits and the number of tons, but also about environmental aspect, which is very important to us”, said Vladimir Davydenko, addressing the conference participants.
Recently, in 2014–2016, one of the main achievements of JSC NIUIF was the development of an information and technical reference book on the best available techniques “ITRB 2–2015. Production of ammonia, mineral fertilizers and inorganic acids".
“BAT reference book, which described almost all existing techniques, as well as promising areas for the industry, was prepared in record time, with the active participation of the institute. At the end of 2016, the second reference book on the production of inorganic substances was approved, which was supplemented by the existing regulatory framework for the production of feed, food, technical phosphates, aluminum fluoride, sodium silicofluoride”, said Boris Levin, Deputy General Director of PhosAgro-Cherepovets.
RFPA Executive Director Igor Kaluzhsky opened the forum with a report on the state of the mineral fertilizer industry:
“In the 90s, mineral fertilizer industry actually lost its scientific support. Enterprises and industry institutes began to work separately, and there was no coordination. And today I want to thank PhosAgro’s management team, who preserved this unique scientific unit, which in fact consolidated the industry in terms of research and development of the best available techniques reference book”.
“Currently, there are a lot of regulatory documents that need to be combined with each other, but this does not always work. And regarding this matter, NIUIF should also put its foot down. Today, under the RFPA, there is an ecology working group, which is engaged in upholding the interests of the industry while creating a regulatory framework. It is necessary to conduct relevant research and, based on this evidence base, work with the executive authorities”.
The main issues, discussed on the first day of the conference, were related to the law enforcement practice of using and developing the principles of the best available techniques (BAT).
Present and future of technological regulations on the BAT principles highlighted Tatyana Guseva, professor of the D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia. It was noted that information and technical reference books create the evidence base foundation, necessary for establishing the conditions for integrated environmental permits.
Oleg Grevtsov, head of the technical working groups secretariats of the BAT Bureau, made a report on the risk assessment of environmental impact and BAT implementation effectiveness.
Svetlana Lomash, deputy chief environmental engineer, head of the environmental department of B.P. Konstantinov Kirovo-Chepetsk Chemical Plant JSC UCC URALCHEM spoke about the existing legislation bottlenecks in the development of the mineral fertilizer industry.
Sergei Ivanychev, JSC NIUIF deputy director, opened a set of reports on the possibilities of introducing BAT in various industry productions and also spoke about the prospects of using the institute’s scientific and design base for these purposes.
Representatives of the main JSC NIUIF structural divisions spoke about the accumulated experience in implementing the best and most promising technologies for sulphuric, phosphoric acids and fertilizers. Andrei Norov, director of industrial technology, highlighted the possibility for the institute’s specialists to implement an integrated approach to the development of the industry and technological regulation.
Yuriy Sergeev, Chief Urea Specialist at JSC NIIK, spoke about urea production. He presented the latest developments of the institute, including those related to environmental protection.
Andrei Ryashko, JSC NIUIF researcher, highlighted wastewater treatment issues in the information and technical reference books on BAT.
Changes in legislation in the field of environmental and natural management, transition problems to regulation, based on BAT principles, as well as methods of in-depth injection of excess brines as BAT in the mineral fertilizer production were reported by Oleg Kadyrov, head of industrial ecology at JSC MCC EuroChem.
Andrey Malyavin, Head of JSC NIUIF Fertilizer Technology and Absorption Department, spoke about the application of BAT principles in the implementation of certain provisions of the Federal Law 219. His report reflected the selection principles for marker indicators of emissions and emission sources when outfitting with automatic control devices.
Continuing on the topic, the conference participants listened the report of RFPA project manager Elena Savoyskaya about the impact of environmental and economic factors on the enterprises’ scientific and technological development strategy for mineral fertilizer production. The report focused on state support measures and stimulation of investment activities, on the one hand, and the negative consequences of unconditional fulfillment of the Federal Law 219 requirements on the other. As follows from the analysis, it would be efficient to allocate funds for the BAT introduction, and not to ensure continuous monitoring of emissions.
The second day of the conference (February 15, 2017) was opened by Volker Andersen, (Volker Andersen, Director of the Technical & Safety, Health, Environment Committee IFA) with “Changing the world through IFA initiative. Product Quality Management” report. IFA (International Fertilizer Association) offers Protect & Sustain (Protection and Support) certification to enterprises, which provides a practical basis for implementing best quality management practices, while providing all the necessary reference materials and tools to facilitate implementation and evaluation of progress. At the same time, successful certification of Protect & Sustain will increase the investment attractiveness of individual domestic enterprises and increase the competitiveness of manufactured goods on the world market.
Many enterprises in the world have already been certified by Protect & Sustain, however, as Mr. Andresen noted, this process is not going very fast in Russia, USA, China and India.
Sergey Revyakin, President of the Corporate and Government Sector of Russia and the CIS countries of the publishing house Elsevier B.V., spoke about the role of scientific and technical information support in the research and development field (R&D process).
Mikhail Avetisov, an expert on the SAP CIS forecast policy, presented the possibilities of automated production control.
The conference was also attended by representatives of equipment manufacturers and technology developers. They presented their developments in the improvement areas of evaporation and drying processes, final product cooling and bulk materials transportation, phosphoric acid defluorination and liquid complex fertilizers production, gas scrubbing, natural gas burning, and heat exchange equipment intensifying.
There was also a round table on the development of state standards for phosphogypsum, implemented by JSC NIUIF under RFPA auspices for execution of 2017 National Standardization Program. Composition and control of indicators for products’ technical requirements was discussed by a wide range of specialists, which allowed to take into account the experience of enterprises, that have been shipping phosphogypsum for various sectors of national economy for dozens of years in compliance with numerous technical conditions. The development of state standards will make it possible to formulate general requirements for produced phosphogypsum, improve product quality and increase the use of a large-tonnage WPA by-product.
The forum ended with a tour of the Nitrogen and Phosphoric Complexes of JSC PhosAgro-Cherepovets.